Glossary of Terms
Individuals, groups of individuals and non-governmental and government entities that have either a direct or indirect interest or claim which will, or may, be affected by a particular decision or policy.
A point on the ground whose horizontal or vertical location is used as a basis for obtaining locations of other points.
The nearly horizontal section which more or less divides the beach from the shoreface.
A temporary rise in sea level associated with a storm's low barometric pressure and onshore winds.
Underground fresh water that has flowed beneath the sea floor.
Collective term for breakers.
- The wave activity in the area between the shoreline and the outermost limit of breakers.
- In literature, the term surf usually refers to the breaking waves on shore and on reefs when accompanied by a roaring noise caused by the larger waves breaking.
The zone of wave action extending from the water line (which varies with tide, surge, set-up, etc.) out to the most seaward point of the zone (breaker zone) at which waves approaching the coastline commence breaking, typically in water depths of between 5 to 10m.
A survey that provides coordinates (horizontal or vertical) of points to which supplementary surveys are adjusted.
A survey that has as its principle purpose the determination of geometric and dynamic characteristics of bodies of water.
A survey in which monuments are placed at points that have been determined photogrammetrically.