Glossary of Terms

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Individuals, groups of individuals and non-governmental and government entities that have either a direct or indirect interest or claim which will, or may, be affected by a particular decision or policy.

A point on the ground whose horizontal or vertical location is used as a basis for obtaining locations of other points.

The nearly horizontal section which more or less divides the beach from the shoreface.

A temporary rise in sea level associated with a storm's low barometric pressure and onshore winds.

Underground fresh water that has flowed beneath the sea floor.

Collective term for breakers.

  • The wave activity in the area between the shoreline and the outermost limit of breakers.
  • In literature, the term surf usually refers to the breaking waves on shore and on reefs when accompanied by a roaring noise caused by the larger waves breaking.

The zone of wave action extending from the water line (which varies with tide, surge, set-up, etc.) out to the most seaward point of the zone (breaker zone) at which waves approaching the coastline commence breaking, typically in water depths of between 5 to 10m.

A survey that provides coordinates (horizontal or vertical) of points to which supplementary surveys are adjusted.

A survey that has as its principle purpose the determination of geometric and dynamic characteristics of bodies of water.

A survey in which monuments are placed at points that have been determined photogrammetrically.

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